NAME: Serebro Moshe


DATE OF BIRTH: October 17, 1911

DATE OF DEATH: March 3, 1997

Moshe was born on 17.10.1911 in Viljandi, Estonia, to Meir and Ida Serebro. Their financial situation was good; the father made a living from a large apartment building he owned in Riga. When the Soviets took over, his parents were exiled to Siberia. Moshe was one of the first members of the Kadima Students’ Union in Riga, which united with Beitar in 1926. In 1930, he was already assuming significant roles in Beitar Latvia. After he finished high school, he went to study structural engineering in Berlin.

In 1934, he decided to fulfill his dream and make aliyah. In the Land of Israel, he continued his nationalist-communal activism. In 1936, he joined IZL and took leadership roles. He also married Nizhia, who was also an IZL (later Lehi) member. In July 1938, after the first IZL retributive attack against Arab terror, as a result of the new policy of “breaking restraint,” Moshe was stopped in Haifa by the British. He was released soon after.

With the IZL split in 1940, Moshe joined Yair’s group and was active in Lehi in important roles in training and intelligence. He was soon arrested a second time, this time being detained in Acre and then in the detention camps Sarafand (Tzrifin), Mizra and Latrun. He was included in the first group of 251 prisoners whom the British exiled to Africa on 19.10.1944. He was held at Sembel (near Asmara, Eritrea), Carthago (Sudan), back in Eritrea and finally in Gilgil (Kenya).

During his long detention, Moshe left at home his wife Nizhia and their two young children, Amnon (who died of cancer at 37) and Sarah.

Moshe was a committed idealist, extremely passionate about the Land of Israel. He paid for his ideology and activism by spending more than seven years in prison. He was released and returned to Israel on 14.5.1948, immediately enlisting in the IDF. He was demobilized as a first lieutenant. After the war, he worked as an engineer, being appointed as the engineer of the central region of the Public Works Department.

Moshe passed away on3.3.1997, at the age of 86.

He left his wife Nizhia and three daughters, Sarah, Meira and Shoshana, as well as numerous grandchildren.