NAME: Kipnis, Avigdor


Avigdor was born in Odessa in what is now Ukraine, in 1910, to Moshe and Devora Kipnis. In 1923, they moved to Warsaw, where the father worked in business. Avigdor finished his studies at the Gymnasium, and then moved on to Warsaw Polytechnic. In the late 1920s, Aharon Propes, Beitar’s representative in Poland, ordered him to organize the Beitar cell in Warsaw. He participated in the first Beitar agricultural training course in Poland. In 1929, he was the among the first of the Beitar members in Poland to receive certificates from the Jewish Agency. This allowed him to make aliyah in 1930.

First he worked in the Petah Tikva orchards. He held high positions in the Beitar Movement. He was one of the founders of the Kfar Saba branch. In 1930, he served as the commander of the Beitar cell in Tel Aviv, as well as an instructor in culture. During this time, he supported himself by hard labor in a cement pipe factory.

In 1931, he joined Hagana Bet, which was soon renamed IZL. He took part in the first commanders’ course in Tel Aviv. In 1936, at the time of the riots, he was among the Notrim in Zikhron Yaakov. He joined Aba Ahimeir’s Brit HaBiryonim. He was involved in purchasing land from Arab owners throughout the Land of Israel. Together with Yehoshua Lichter, he founded the HaTikvah neighborhood. When the IZL split, he joined Lehi and was active in the underground in many operations. This included the APC Bank robbery in Tel Aviv. He was arrested and sat in Jerusalem Prison for nine months. After his release, he was rearrested, and he ended up spending years behind bars in Jaffa, Jerusalem, Acre and Latrun. Some of activities included intelligence-gathering and fundraising. His home, 12 Micah Street in Tel Aviv, was a meeting place for the Lehi Central Committee.

In the War of Independence, he was an officer in the IDF. Afterwards, he was involved in home construction in Tel Aviv. He built the Kiryat Moshe neighborhood near Petah Tikva.

He was involved in the publication of Sifrei Zahav, a series that included many classics, such as The Rise and Fall of the Roman Empire, The French Revolution, Plutarch and more. He took part in all the publications of the newspapers of the nationalist movement. Together with Dr. von Weisl, he edited HaMaarav; he also participated in Sullam, edited by Dr. Eldad.

Avigdor is a painter in love with the scenery of the Land of Israel. He has had many exhibition in Israel and abroad. He is a member of the IZL Union and the Freedom Fighters of Israel Heritage Fund. He is also a member of the painters’ and sculptors’ organization in Tel Aviv. He married Zehava Teiblum, and they have two sons.